Yahweh, YHWH of the Jews.
The foremost son of Enlil, He was born in E-kur, Enlil's temple in
Nippur. His wife is Baba/Gula.
Ninurta is chamberlain of the
Nissaba performs a purification ceremony on him and he receives the
following new names and shrines: Duku - 'holy mound' in Sumerian,
Hurabtil - an Elamite god, Shushinak - patron god of the Elamite
city Susa, Lord of the Secret, Pabilsag - god of the antediluvian
city Larak, Nin-Azu - god of Eshunna, Ishtaran - god of Der, Zababa
-warrior god of Kish, Lugalbanda - Gilgamesh's father, Lugal-Marada
- patron god of Marad, Warrior Tishpak - similar to Nin-Azu, Warrior
of Uruk, Lord of the Boundary-Arrow, Panigara - a warrior god, and
Papsukkal - vizier of the great gods.
The city of Nippur was the centre of his cult. He was the patron
deity of the ancient Sumerian city of Girsu (Lagash) where king
Gudea (c.2141-2122 BCE) built a temple for him called the E-ninnu
(see chapter 11 about the Sumerian King list).
He is the Sumerian-Babylonian god of rain, fertility, war,
thunderstorms, wells, canals, floods, the plough and the
Ninurta the God of Thunder and Lightning and the South Wind.
Thunder and Lightning and Wind?, isn't it the same story as in
the Bible during the stay of the Jews in the Sinai dessert.
We can read in the Bible :
Exodus 14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the
LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night,
and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.
And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the
noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people
saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.
According to one poem, Ninurta's exploits, he once dammed up the
bitter waters of the underworld and conquered various monsters.
Bitter waters? isn't it the same story as in the Bible during
the stay of the Jews in the Sinai dessert.
We can read in the Bible :
Exodus 15:22-27 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they
went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in
the wilderness, and found no water. And when they came to Marah,
they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter:
therefore the name of it was called Marah. And the people murmured
against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? And he cried unto the
LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into
the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a
statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, And said, If
thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and
wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his
commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these
diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I
am the LORD that healeth thee.
His name means "lord of the earth" (Girsu) and mankind owed to him
the fertile fields and the healthy live-stock, his symbol is the
lion-headed eagle. (3)
A lion headed eagle?, isn't it the same story as in the Bible
during the stay of the Jews in the Sinai dessert.
We can read in the Bible :
Exodus 25:18-20 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten
work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. And
make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other
end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two
ends thereof. And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on
high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces
shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of
the cherubims be.
When the Tablets of Destiny were stolen by the storm-bird
managed to retrieve them. Ki, at Enki's advice, instructed him to
kill Anzu. Initially his assault was futile, but Sharur relayed
advise from Enki to him, which, when it was carried out allowed him
to slay Anzu in a great onslaught. He recovered the Tablets of
Destinies for Enlil.
Tablets of Destinies?, isn't it the same story as in the Bible
during the stay of the Jews in the Sinai dessert.
We can read in the Bible :
Exodus 31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of
communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables
of stone, written with the finger of God.
As a reward Nissaba performs a purification ceremony on him and he
receives the following new names and shrines: Duku - 'holy mound' in
Sumerian (4), Hurabtil - an Elamite god, Shushinak - patron god of
the Elamite city Susa, Lord of the Secret, Pabilsag - god of the
antediluvian city Larak, Nin-Azu - god of Eshunna, Ishtaran - god of
Der, Zababa -warrior god of Kish, Lugal-Marada - patron god of
Marad, Warrior Tishpak - similar to Nin-Azu, Warrior of Uruk, Lord
of the Boundary-Arrow, Panigara - a warrior god, and Papsukkal -
vizier of the great gods.
(4) Holy mound?, isn't it the same story as in the Bible during the
stay of the Jews in the Sinai dessert.
We can read in the Bible :
Exodus 19:1-4 In the third month, when the children of Israel were
gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the
wilderness of Sinai. For they were departed from Rephidim, and were
come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and
there Israel camped before the mount. And Moses went up unto God,
and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt
thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Ye
have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on
eagles' wings, and brought you unto myself.
That Yahweh was originally a
son of El (Enlil) is attested by a
document (KTU 1.1 IV 14) from Ugarit, a Palestinian site occupied by
neighbors of Israel.
It reads sm . bny . yw . ilt, which translates as "The name of the
son of god,
Yahweh." This status as the foremost of
the sons of El
is remembered in the Song of Moses.
Ninurta was indeed the
foremost Son of Enlil.
in the Bible we can read :
Dt:32:7: Remember the days of old, consider the years of many
generations: ask thy father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and
they will tell thee.
Dt:32:8: When the Most High divided to the
nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he
set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children
Dt:32:9: For the Lord's portion is his people; Jacob is
the lot of his inheritance.
"When the Ely-on (another name of
El) apportioned the nations, when
he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples
according to the number of the gods (i.e., each god controlled one
nation of people); Yahweh's own portion was his people, Jacob his
Yahweh ruled as the king of the other
children of El. In this role,
he presided whenever the Assembly of the Gods whenever they met in
council. The pre-eminence of Yahweh over the other gods is
repeatedly asserted in Psalms.
in the Bible we can read :
Ps:86:8: Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord;
neither are there any works like unto thy works.
"There is none like you among the gods, O
Psalm 89 is even more specific in explaining that the "gods" in
question are the sons of El who met at the Assembly of the Gods:
Ps:89:5: And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Lord: thy
faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.
who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? who among the sons
of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord?
Ps:89:7: God is greatly
to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in
reverence of all them that are about him.
"The heavens praise your wonders,
O Yahweh, your faithfulness in the
assembly of the holy ones. For who in the skies can be compared to
Yahweh? Who among the sons of gods is like Yahweh? a God feared in
the council of the holy ones, great and awesome above all that are
The conclusion should be that the God of the Bible
is not the leader
God's but only "one of the Gods" Even in the Bible (from Jewish
translation) we can find prove that Ninurta and Yahweh
are the same
God because later on is written in the Bible :
And God said to Moses "I am that I am" Exodus 3:14
Ex:3:14: And God said unto Moses," I AM THAT I AM": and he said,
Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me
God first announced his identity to Moses not in Exodus 3. He made
sure that Moses tell the Israelites that he is called I AM. In
Hebrew if I am not wrong that is spoken as ezeer (sic). If Yahweh
wanted to be anonymous, why not shout at Moses and say just tell
them I am God! Or tell Moses that God is omnipotent, he hasn't got a
name. Instead he told Moses twice that his name is I AM.
There must be a better translation. Can the word in Hebrew according
to one author be Ningirsu.
In Exodus 6:3, Yahweh said he did not reveal his holy name to
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. They called him God Almighty, to Moses;
Yahweh called himself the Lord.
Ex:6:2: And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord:
Ex:6:3: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by
the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH (Yahweh) was I not
known to them.
So God has been going by three names from Adam to Moses.
There can only be one explanation why Ninurta refused to tell his
"real" name to Moses. .
He was a short tempered God, even as his father
El, as we can
clearly read in Exodus and he new that he was not the same God of
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. So he told Moses with other words not to
interfere with His business.
The reason that he refused to give his name was that he new that he
would be punished by his father El (Enlil).
A clear example is given in the Bible :
Exodus 34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD,
whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:
In Joshua 2: we can read that
Ninurta is angry to Israel because of
the bow for Ba-al (Adad, Ishkur) :
Jgs:2:13: And they forsook the Lord, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
Jgs:2:14: And the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he
delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he
sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they
could not any longer stand before their enemies.
Ninurta (the God of Thunder and Lightning), the foremost
son of Enlil, is the same God as mentioned in the Bible "YAHWEH",
(Jehovah, I am that I am) during the lifetime of Moses until the
time of King Solomon in the Bible, the God who instructed Moses to
leave Egypt, the God who appeared to Moses on Mount Sinai and the
God of the "Ten Commandments". He was, even as his father
short tempered God with a variably mood.
The son of Enlil and Ninlil. He is the "product" of Enlil's rape of
Ninlil. Nanna was married to Ningal and they produced Inanna and Utu
The Sumerian moon-god, called 'Lord of Destiny'. He has a beard of
Lapis Lazuli and rides a winged bull. Nanna was the tutelary deity
of Ur, appointed as king of that city by Anu and Enlil.
He is lord of the calendar, fixing the seasons, and also a
vegetation-deity and patron of fertility. With Utu and Hadad
(Ishkur, Adad) he makes up the second triad of Mesopotamian gods.
(from about 1,580 BCE, see chapter 12)
He established Ur-Nammu as his mortal representative, establishing
the third Ur dynasty (see
The Sumerian King List). (1)
The High priest of Ur-Nammu, king of Ur, was Therah, the father
of Abraham, so the God of Therah was Sin (the Moon God). Later
Abraham was forced to leave his family in Haran by El (Enlil) to go
to Canaan in the west.---
He rests in the Underworld every month, and there decrees the fate
of the dead. He averts a flood of his city by visiting Enlil in
Nippur on a boat loaded with gifts and pleading with him. He refuses
to send aid to Inanna when she is trapped in the underworld. He does
not answer Gilgamesh's plea to restore Enkidu to life.
cult center was in Ur, as was the residence of his high
The son of Nanna and Ningal
The god of the Sun and of Justice,
Utu goes to the underworld at the
end of every day and while there decrees the fate of the dead. When
Inanna's huluppu tree is infested with unwelcome guests, he ignores
her appeal for aid. He aided Dumuzi in his flight from the Galla
demons by helping him to transform into different creatures. He
opened the "ablal" of the Underworld for Enkidu, to allow him to
escape, at the behest of Enki. Through Enki's orders, he also brings
water up from the earth in order to irrigate Dilmun,
(1) the garden
paradise, the place where the sun rises. He is in charge of the
"Land of the Living" and, in sympathy for Gilgamesh, calls off the
seven weather heroes who defend that land.
He brings UP water from the Earth to Dilmun ?, Dilmun was thus
situated on a mountain top but more probably Dilmun was situated in
the our solar system, another planet, Mars ?.
He rises from the mountains with rays out of his shoulders. He
enters and exits the underworld through a set of gates in the
mountain, guarded by scorpion-people. He travels both on foot and in
a chariot, pulled by fiery mules. He upholds truth, and justice. He
is a lawgiver and informs oracles. Nergal is a corrupt aspect of his
nature. He loves Gilgamesh, hates evil and instigates Gilgamesh's
quest against Humbaba, guiding him and receiving prayers from him
along the way. He tries to intercede to Enlil on Enkidu's behalf,
but is unsuccessful. He rebukes Enkidu for cursing the Stalker and
the temple prostitute for bringing him out of the wild. In Kish, the
eagle and the serpent swore an oath to him that they would not
overstep his limits.
The eagle broke the oath and ate the eggs of
the serpent. Utu's, 'whose net is as wide as earth', told the
serpent how to serve the eagle justice. The serpent lured the eagle
with a bull carcass and captured him. The eagle requested to be
spared and the serpent refused, saying that Utu's punishment would
fall on him if he did not carry it out. He cut the eagle's wings and
left him to die in a pit. The eagle prayed to Utu for mercy, and he
refused to help personally, but sent Etana to help the eagle. He
agreed to help Etana's infertility problem if Etana would help the
- a storm god, Anu's son. He holds a lightning bolt in his right
hand and an axe in his left. He is partially responsible for the
flood. He despairs and will not attack Anzu after Anzu has stolen
the Tablet of Destinies from Enlil.
Also worshipped as Hadad (in Canaan), Eshmun (by the Sidonians),
Ishkur (in Accad and by the Hittites), the number X (by the
Hittites), Baal Hadad, Adad, Teshub, or Teshub (by the Hurrians),
Sutekh (by the Hyksos), the Canaanite/Egyptian Resheph, Rimmon,
Hadad-Rimmon (and either one or the other in Aram and Damascus), and
Ramman (in Accad). Also spelled Ba`al, Beel, Be`el, Ball
He is known as ADAD in Acadian. Later the people of Canaan came to
call ADAD lord which in their language was Ba`al.
Ishkur / Hadad it the the same God as, Baal, Ba-al, Ba`al in the
It is notable that Inanna and Ishtar could be different Goddesses
The daughter of Nanna and Ningal
She is Anu's second consort but she was also the lover of Enki,
Dumuzid and many other Gods and Demi Gods.
Inanna is one of the most important goddesses of the Sumerian
pantheon in ancient Mesopotamia. She is a goddess of love,
fertility, and war.
A woman planted the huluppu tree in Inanna's garden, but the
Imdugud-bird (Anzu bird?) made a nest for its young there, Lilith
(or her predecessor, a lilitu-demon) made a house in its trunk, and
a serpent made a home in its roots. Inanna appeals to Utu about her
unwelcome guests, but he is unsympathetic. She appeals to Gilgamesh
and he is receptive. He tears down the tree and makes it into a
throne and bed for her. In return for the favor, Inanna manufactures
a pukku and mikku for him. Later, Inanna seeks out Gilgamesh as her
lover. When he spurns her she sends the Bull of Heaven (Gugulana) to
terrorize his city of Unug (Uruk, Erech).
Inanna figures prominently in various myths, such as 'Inanna's
descent to the underworld', Inanna and Bilulu, Inanna and Ebih,
Inanna and Shu-kale-tuda and many others.
Inanna also visits Kur (Africa). She sets out to witness the funeral
rites of her sister-in-law Ereshkigal's husband Gugulanna, the Bull
of Heaven. She takes precaution before setting out, by telling her
servant Nin-Shubur to seek assistance from Enlil, Nanna, or Enki at
their shrines, should she not return. Inanna knocks on the outer
gates of Kur and the gatekeeper, Neti, questions her. He consults
with queen Ereshkigal and then allows Inanna to pass through the
seven gates of the underworld.
After each gate, she is required to
remove adornments and articles of clothing, until after the seventh
gate, she is naked. The Anunna pass judgment against her and
Ereshkigal killed her and hung her on the wall. Inanna is rescued by
the intervention of Enki. He creates two sexless creatures that
empathize with Ereshkigal's suffering, and thereby gain a gift -
Inanna's corpse. They restore her to life with the Bread of Life and
the Water of Life, but the Sumerian underworld has a conservation of
death law. No one can leave without providing someone to stay in
their stead. Inanna is escorted by galla/demons past Nin-Shubur and
members of her family.
She doesn't allow them to claim anyone until
she sees Dumuzi on his throne in Uruk. They then seize Dumuzi, but
he escapes them twice by transforming himself, with the aid of Utu.
Eventually he is caught and slain. Inanna spies Geshtinanna, in
mourning and they go to Dumuzi. She allows Dumuzi, the shepherd, to
stay in the underworld only six months of the year, while
Geshtinanna will stay the other six. As with the Greek story of the
kidnapping of Persephone, this linked the changing seasons, the
emergence of the plants from the ground, with the return of a
harvest deity from the nether world.
Inanna was the same as the Biblical Goddess Astharoth or Astarte.
- son of Enki and Ninhursag, brother of Nanche and Geshtinanna,
half-brother of Dumuzi (mortal). His consort was Sarpanitum.
Note: --- In accordance to the Sumerian / Babylonian view Marduk
was the son of Enki / Ea but some scientists an historians believe
that Enki / Ea and Marduk are the same God.
It is uncertain but it is also my opinion that Enki and Marduk are
the same God with different names because there is a significant
parallel between parts of their stories.---
Marduk is possibly a different name for Enki, his father.
He is a "King of the Igigi".
He often works with and asks questions of his father.
The Sumerian name is probably Merodoch and Acadian Bel. Eventually,
he was called simply Bel, meaning "Lord."
According to Enuma Elish, an ancient epic poem of creation, Marduk
defeated Tiamat and Qingu, the dragons of chaos, and thereby gained
- Cleverest of the clever and sage of the gods. He was a fertility
god, but originally a god of thunderstorms.
He is depicted as having four eyes, four ears, and emits fire from
his mouth when he speaks. He is also gifted in magic. He was of
proud form and piercing stare, born mature, powerful, and perfect
Acknowledged as the creator of the universe and of humankind, the
god of light and life, and the ruler of destinies, he rose to such
eminence that he claimed 50 titles. He supplants the other
Babylonian deities to become the central figure of their
Even as his father Enki he was the most important God of the
Babylonians and he often works and questions his father.
He has fifty names many of which are those of other deities whose
attributes he usurped. (2)
Even in the Enuma Elish is written that Marduk took over the
names of other Gods, or they were eventually given by his
Anu, his uncle, gave him the four winds to play with.
When Anu's peace mission to Tiamat fails, Enki urges him into
action. He goes before An and the divine assembly and declares that
he will defeat Tiamat and lay her head at his feet, but that the
assembly must promise that he should be the one to fix fates and
more or less assume the role of the leader of the pantheon.
He takes a bow and arrow and mace. He puts lightning in front of
him, marshals his winds, makes a net to encircle Tiamat, fills his
body with flame. He rides his storm-chariot driven by Slayer,
Pitiless, Racer, and Flyer, poison-toothed, tireless steeds. He had
a spell on his lips and an anti-toxin in his hand.
He led the gods to battle. Qingu's strategy confused him. Tiamat
tried to enspell him and wheedled at him. Marduk reproaches her and
calls her out for single combat. She looses her temper and they
fight. He unleashes his weapons at her, distended her body with
winds, shot her in the belly with an arrow, split her in two and
slit her heart.(3) He defeats the rest of her forces and retrieves
the Tablet of Destinies. He smashed Tiamat's skull to herald her
death. He made half of her skin the roof of the sky.
As mentioned earlier by the story of Tiamat, it is notable that
there it talks of the collapse between two or more planets in
ancient times. There are known stories and theories that the Earth
lost half of its mass during the collapsing of several planets. (see
also the chapter of Nibiru later).
He leveled the Apsu, measured it and established numerous shrines
for many of the gods.
He set up stands for the gods, constructed the heavens and regulated
the year, giving Utu some dominion over the months and the year. (4)
He made the Tigris and Euphrates rivers from Tiamat's eyes and made
mountains from her udders. He smashed the weapons of Tiamat's army
and put images of them at the gates to the underworld.
(4) Dr. Emanuel Velikovsky wrote in his book "Ages in chaos" and
"Worlds in collision" about collapsing planets, it is interesting to
reed these books and others from the same writer, for more
information about Velikovsky go to :
http://www.varchive.org/bonds/bonds.htm for some movies of
As mentioned previously the Sumerians believed in the Gods as the
planets of our solar system (see later chapter about Nibiru).
He set up his temple at E-sharra. and his seat in Babylon. The gods
honored him as king.
He put blood and bones together as and made early man to bear the
work of the gods, as in Atrahasis (Earth). For Qingu's part in the
war he was made to provide the blood for the creation of humankind.
(5) Even as his father is here written that he created humankind.
An, Lahamu, and Anu find him a shrine and Anu instills upon him the
Anu-power in which, his word decrees fate. He is proclaimed King and
invested with the scepter, throne, and staff-of-office. He is given
an un-faceable weapon, the flood-weapon.
An gave him many new names, see the whole story in the Babylonian
creation Epic The Enuma Elish :
1. Asarluhi, 2. Marduk, 3. The Son, The Majesty of the Gods, 4.
Marukka, 5. Mershakushu, 6. Lugal-dimmer-ankia (King of heaven and
earth), 7. Bel, 8. Nari-lugal-dimmer-ankia, 9. Asarluhi, 10.
Namtila, 11. Namru, 12. 'Asare, 13. Asar-alim, 14. Asar-alim-nuna,
15. Tutu, 16. Zi-ukkina, 17. Ziku, 18. Agaku, 19. Shazu, 20. Zisi,
21. Suhrim, 22. Suhgurim, 23. Zahrim, 24. Zahgurim, 25. Enbilulu,
26. Epadun, 27. Gugal, 28. Hegal, 29. Sirsir, 30. Malah, 31. Gil,
32. Gilima, 33. Agilima, 34. Zulum, 35. Mummu, 36. Zulum-ummu, 37.
Gizh- numun-ab, 38. Lugal-ab-dubur, 39. Pagal-guena, 40.
Lugal-Durmah, 41. Aranuna, 42. Dumu-duku, 43. Lugal-duku, 44.
Lugal-shuanna, 45. Iruga, 46. Irqingu, 47. Kinma, 48. Kinma, 49.
E-sizkur, 50. Addu, 51. Asharu, 52. Nebiru, 53. Enkukur.
He becomes a firm lawgiver and judge who, when angered is not
He divided the Anunnaki and placed 300 to guard the sky, and six
hundred to dwell in heaven and earth.(6)
Se also the story in Enoch about the "Watchers" who were also
divided in groups of 300 and 600 "Angels", even in the Bible we can
find more of these Anunnaki, now called Nephilim, Anakim or "Sons of
God", thus appearing to make there offspring and of most of the
other Sons of Gods the Nephilim or Anakim of the Old Testament.
we can read in Genesis 6 :
Gn:6:2: That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were
fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. Gn:6:4:
There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that,
when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they
bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old,
men of renown.
He had them create Babylon building the E-SAGILA temple and a high
ziggurat. (The tower of Babel ?) (7)
Some historians believe that Marduk started the Tower of Babel
incident. I disagree with them because we can read in The Writings
of Abraham that Nimrod builds the Tower of Babel.
Later he becomes somewhat negligent and Erra (Nergal) challenges him
by preparing to attack his people in Babylon. He responds to the
challenge by saying that he already killed most of the people in the
flood and would not do so again.
He also states that no-one would be in control of things if he got
off of his throne to work up a flood, to which Erra volunteers to
run things from Marduk's throne.
According to Sumerian sources, Marduk was born before the Flood on
the 12th planet Nibiru (see chapter 12). Marduk came back to Earth
after the Flood (together with other Gods) and took over Egypt.
He was known to the Egyptians as Ra, the son of Ptah, (known as Ea
by the Babylonian). These deities were known by different names in
different countries but there is reason to suspect they were the
same gods. His father Enki / Ptah gave him Egypt to rule. Marduk/Ra
was unhappy because he wanted to rule the whole earth.
It shouldn't be strange that Enki and Marduk were one and the same
God because Christianity believes in the Father and the Son as one
God. But still its not proven yet. Sometimes it is also said that
Adad (Ba-al) is the same as Marduk. I don't believe that because
Adad is a son of Anu and a brother of Enlil.
- the god of fire, Antu's (Anunitu's) son.
The Sumerian god of light and fire. He was also invoked to protect
He despairs and will not attack Anzu after Anzu has stolen the
Tablet of Destinies from Enlil.
He is the god of fire, and is adept at using weapons. He lights the
way in front of Erra (Nergal) and the Sebitti. He advises Erra
against attacking Marduk or his people in Babylon. When Erra takes
Marduk's seat, Gibil (Ishum) persuades him against destroying
Babylon, finally appeasing him by promising that the other gods
would acknowledge themselves as his servants (see also the original
Babylonian tablet called Erra and Ishum.