View of antenna array at Sura site.
The Sura Ionospheric Heating Facility, located near the small town of Vasilsursk about 100 km eastward from Nizhniy Novgorod in Russia, is a laboratory for ionosphere research. Sura is capable of radiating about 190 MW, effective radiated power (ERP) on short waves.
This facility is operated by the radiophysical research institute NIRFI in Nizhny Novgorod. The Sura facility was commissioned in 1981. Using this facility, Russian researchers achieved extremely interesting results regarding the ionosphere behavior and discovered the effect of generation of low-frequency emission at the modulation of ionosphere current.
At the beginning, Soviet Defense Department mostly footed the bill. The American HAARP ionospheric heater is similar to the Sura facility.
The HAARP project began in 1993.
Transmitter room at Sura facility
The facility consists of three 250 kW broadcasting transmitters and
a 144 crossed dipole antenna-array with dimensions of 300 m x 300 m.
At the middle of the operating frequency range (4.5 – 9.3 MHz) a
maximum zenith gain of about 260 (~24 dB) is reached, the ERP of the
facility is 190 MW (~83 dbW).
from EnglishPravda Website
American meteorologist Scott Stevens
has recently brought accusations against Russia
Following death and destruction caused
by Katrina, the Americans promptly unearthed the controversial
interview by Vladimir Zhirinovsky in which he threatened to
unleash floods all over the United States when “our scientists
slightly change the earth's gravitational field.” Nobody got scared
watching the drunken boss of the Liberal Democratic Party promise
doom's day for the United States. But once Katrina struck and the
southern part of the U.S. got drowned, the improbable rumors about
Russia's meteorological weapon came to light again.
Unconfirmed and patchy reports on questionable experiments with weather conducted by the U.S. and Soviet Union stirred up a number of political scandals in many countries of the world. Following a large-scale flooding in Europe in 2002, some European politicians put the blame on the “U.S. military” for disrupting EU economy.
In 2002, Committee for Defense of the
Russian Duma raised the issue about a detrimental impact on
climate caused by experiments involving disturbance of the earth's
ionosphere and magnetosphere. The deputies focused their attention
HAARP system that is still under construction in Alaska.
Open information sources indicate that the facility is used for causing active influence on the earth's ionosphere and magnetosphere. The results could be fantastic, according to scientific journals. Scientific journals claim that HAARP is capable of causing artificial aurora borealis, it can also jam radar stations of early ballistic missile detection systems, communicate with submarines in the ocean and even detect secret underground complexes of the enemy.
Radio-frequency emission is capable of piercing through the ground and examine hideaways and tunnels, it can burn out electronics and destroy space satellites. The equipment can also impact the atmosphere and thus cause changes in weather.
HAARP is allegedly used for causing natural disasters similar to
Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
Russian politicians are head over heels debating plans of U.S. imperialists and their bloodthirsty military, man-made disasters and floods.
They are probably totally unaware that Russia has long build it own facility similar to HAARP. The facility Sura is as powerful as HAARP. It is located in Russia's central area, in a remote and desolate place some 150 km from the city of Nizhny Novgorod.
One of the leading scientific research institutions of the USSR, Research Institute of Radiophysical Studies, owns the facility.
The facility was commissioned in 1981.
Sura looks quite seasoned and a little
bit rusty. Against all odds, it still works. There are straight
lines of 20-m antennas standing in an area of 9 hectares. A giant
emitter the size of a country hut sits in the center of the field,
the emitter is used for studying acoustic developments in the
However, they conduct research (on a smaller scale than in the U.S.) of interrelation between the natural disasters and perturbations in the ionosphere and magnetosphere.
Technologies of the secret research institutes that used too be classified and inaccessible become available to non-military researchers.
One of the devices was recently tested thanks to support of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.
to the WIND Spacecraft of NASA
Preparing for the Future Vol. 5 No. 4
from ESAPublications Website
The comparatively high level of radio noise emitted by the Earth at low frequencies, was observed decades ago from spacecraft such as RAE-2 launched by the United States *.
In the context of a candidate lunar
program, ESA has initiated a study of the feasibility of locating a
radio telescope on the Moon. The advantage of a lunar sitting is the
absence of ionospheric effects and terrestrial radio noise.
During a meeting of the Science-Team
concerned with the radio telescope study mentioned above, it was
suggested to transmit signals from the Vasil'sursk facility and to
try to receive these with the WIND spacecraft, which had been
launched by the United States National Aeronautics and Space
Administration. The objective was to learn more about the effect of
the medium through which the propagation path passed and the
characteristics of the hardware elements involved in the link (both
on ground and in space).
A set of long dipoles samples the
electric field at these frequencies along each of the three
Figure 1 shows the system of 12 by 12 crossed dipole elements, which covers an area of 300 by 300 meters. Each of the three sections has an set of 4 by 12 elements; each section can be pointed independently. The beams may be steered manually or electrically, in steps of three degrees, to point at angles between 12 and 85 degrees. Each section has a 300-metre aperture, and its radiation pattern approximates to a sin(x)/x shape.
Radiated signals are circularly polarized.
antenna system at Vasil'sursk
A separate 250 kW transmitter is connected to each of the three antenna sections.
Transmitter frequencies are stable to one part in 10(exp 7). Amplitude or phase modulation (or both together) are available, and external synchronization is possible. Emissions may be a continuous carrier or a pulsed emission whose shortest pulse is 50 milliseconds. The operating frequency range is 4.6-9.3 MHz.
Table 1 and Table 2 give the parameters of one antenna section whose beam points to a zenith angle of 34 degrees (the Sun position in July) and transmitting 250 kW.
Recording of the 9.125 MHz signal received in the spin-plane of the WIND satellite
With a critical frequency of 5 MHz, and the scanning
capabilities of the beam, the variation in angle can be as much as
10 to 15 degrees. The presence of the Earth s magnetic field
complicated calculations and the co-polarized circularly polarized
signal was expected to be bent Northwards (with respect to the
magnetic field direction) or Southwards if the circular polarization
was in the opposite sense.
irregularities would cause scintillation effects of typically about
1 minute duration and a scintillation index of up to 0.5 0.7 for
angles up to 40 degrees from zenith.
Each antenna section was pointed in a slightly different
direction, spaced by about 12 degrees in the North-South plane, with
the third section pointing closest towards WIND. This was done to
overcome the refraction effects which have been mentioned previously
and which are difficult to quantify. Transmitted signals were
The (relatively) well-behaved response, clearly showing the sin(x)/x pattern of the antenna at Vasil'sursk, was not observed during other days of the experiment.
Recordings of signals in the plane of, and parallel to, the spin axis, and the ratio of these two
The curves show the data obtained.
data sequence starts at 05: 07 hrs. (universal coordinated time),
and the time increment between samples is 16.128 seconds. The angle
between the beam pointing direction and the path to the satellite in
the azimuthal plane can be computed; one time increment corresponds
to 0.0672 degrees. The total transmission time of two hours is
equivalent to a change in angle of 30 degrees.
On other days ionospheric influences prevented this.
Clearly further work is needed to gain a better understanding of the data and the behavior of the medium along the propagation path.